• Vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain in early pregnancy
    • Clinical suspicion for ectopic pregnancy
    • Confirmation of intrauterine pregnancy
    • Detection of fetal heart tones at all stages of pregnancy

Clinical Questions

    • Is there an intrauterine pregnancy?
    • Is there evidence of an ectopic or abnormal pregnancy?
    • Are fetal heart tones present?


Limited Pelvic Ultrasound performed by me:
Indication: Rule out ectopic pregnancy
Pelvis: No free fluid
There is definitive evidence of an intrauterine pregnancy based on the presence  a yolk sac/fetal pole with heart tones at __ bpm, within the uterus.
Image archived in the medical record.

Recommended Reading

    • Introduction to Bedside Ultrasound Vol 1 & Vol 2
      • Chapter 7: Pregnancy

Other Online Resources

Follow our pregnancy literature collection using the read application. You can use your institution login to access articles.
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